Morris Durham University, UK. However, risk approaches fail to provide the tools required once risks are understood as emergent products of human and non-human assemblages and fail to capture real-time responses to emergent threats. This paper highlights how non-determinstic views of complexity apply data-led approaches of Big Data to construct an imaginary beyond risk analysis, based upon real-time responses to emergent phenomena. Governmental and scholarly activities responding to such challenges draw upon many frameworks and forms of reasoning that implicate feelings, emotions, and affects—but in ways only poorly understood.
Proposing to employ case studies from sites of international policy production, and from Tuvalu and Kiribati, this paper outlines ideas for a project that will critically analyse how feelings, emotions, and affects that arise from catastrophic risk are framed through SIDS resilience policy and practice. This paper critically engages with these discourses of Big Data and complexity, particularly as they operate in the discipline of International Relations, where it is alleged that Big Data approaches have the potential for developing self-governing societal capacities for resilience and adaptation through the real-time reflexive awareness and management of risks and problems as they arise.
The epistemological and ontological assumptions underpinning Big Data are then analysed to suggest that critical and posthumanist approaches have come of age through these discourses, enabling process-based and relational understandings to be translated into policy and governance practices. The paper thus raises some questions for the development of critical approaches to new posthuman forms of governance and knowledge production.
The rise of Big Data is changing how we think about the world, or so it is claimed. Does the rise of data-driven knowledge underscore the need for human interpretation and judgement, or does it confirm the post-humanist rejection of modernist assumptions about how we understand and act to transform the world?
Big Data is still an emerging concept and its future uses and implications remain unclear, but this makes the development of critical perspectives more, rather than less, important. This event is free and open to all but places are limited. Click here to book a free ticket.
Further details to follow. In this way, it is hoped that the underlying framing assumptions and limits of top-down approaches to behavioural change become clearer. The inner contradictions in the logic of behaviour change becomes clearer when compared to more pragmatic and real-time approaches to enhance human perception of reality which do not make reductionist and linear assumptions nor problematise choice-making or set up hierarchies of knowing subjects.
This seminar will explore ethical tensions implicit in many behaviour change approaches and compares insights from Behavioural Economics with the many alternative forms of evidence and insight currently in use in marketing, communications, advertising and co-design practices. This talk reflects upon understandings of the limits of global intervention which have emerged to prominence over the last ten years, particularly critiques which focus on the epistemological claims of causal knowledge, and the interaction between the global universal and the local particular.
In this shift, the means and mechanisms of international intervention have been transformed, no longer focused on the universal application of Western causal knowledge through policy interventions but rather on the effects of specific and unique local and organic processes at work in societies themselves. Moving beyond the dichotomous understanding of the global versus the local, this focus recasts problems in increasingly organicised ways, suggesting that artificial or hubristic attempts at socio-political intervention should be excluded or minimised.
Admission is free, but registration is required via Event Manager. Further details here. The politics of international peace building is currently undergoing changes with regards to both its conduct and theory. On the backdrop of the bankruptcy of orthodox liberal peace approaches to fragile states and conflict settings, policy makers and academics from different fields, have started to move towards a more pragmatic position with regards to the means and ends of peacebuilding. This workshop explores this new area of pragmatic approaches and International Practice Theory.
Pragmatic approaches consciously seek to go beyond the Liberal Peace paradigm. Pragmatic approaches do not assume that international interveners necessarily have the knowledge or the power to set out predefined policy goals or lead the processes of attaining them. Pragmatism, in brief, has the connotation of an anti-foundationalist approach that derives theory from practice and is grounded in actual experiences, rather than in the abstractions of normative frameworks. Rather than emphasising external resources and knowledge, these approaches start from existing capacities and understandings and seek to build upon them, to reach solutions to context-specific challenges.
This workshop seeks to explore pragmatic approaches, based upon both field research and conceptual and methodological argumentation, in order to discuss the advantages and possibilities as well as the drawbacks or limits to Pragmatic Peace and International Practice Theory. I will be on the teaching staff for the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Westminster student field trip in Brussels. Critical Issues in Global Politics paru en chez Routledge. Room BAC at 6 pm. Abstract: What is a conflict? How do we know about particular conflicts?
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In the contemporary world, conflict knowledge and conflict expertise continues to be produced by traditional institutions such as ministries, intelligence services, and academics. However, a growing array of other actors is engaged in producing knowledge about international conflicts and lay claims to providing conflict expertise. International Institutions, think tanks, civil society organizations and protest movements, interest group organizations and companies produce their own research and disseminate it.
Moreover, the multiple knowledges are increasingly intertwined. The move to the world of big data and digital communication further increases the links between different heterogeneous knowledge forms as research findings can more readily be interlinked and searched. Competing knowledges of heterogeneous experts coexist and compete. This is the theme of the proposed workshop: How heterogeneous actors are involved in producing conflict knowledge as a complex and unstable field that is nevertheless brought to bear on important and vulnerable situations with far-reaching implications for large populations.
What Did They Mean? It takes as a starting point that the study of international relations is full of concepts that provide a baseline for how we understand and explain the world of politics, and enable us to communicate, share and advance knowledge. While IR scholars tend to recognize this complexity, they rarely address and consider the implications for research; and scholarship that addresses the historical, theoretical and political facets of core concepts does so in very different ways.
Against this backdrop, the aim of this panel is to reflect on how we might best approach this task and to discuss the ways in which concept analysis contributes to an analysis of international politics. Chair: Robbie G. This roundtable seeks to explore the merits of a decolonial critique of sovereignty, autonomy and self-determination in contemporary IR beyond its understanding as military short term intervention. Has the systematic exclusion of non-western or minority in Western societies knowledge production contributed to the consolidation of its dismissal, not just in practice but also in the discipline?
Or is there, conversely, a danger of essentialism in expecting that this has been the case? Understood as a multidimensional research strategy that seeks to, amongst others, de-mythologise, de-silence and de-colonise as in, explicitly anti-colonial knowledge production, the aim is to explore to what extent and under which conditions decolonial research can produce fundamentally different knowledge, i. Bruneau University of Oxford. This discussion is not an entirely new one, having been raised, for example, in Deconstruction and Pragmatism , but an IR scholarship increasingly enamoured of the pragmatic turn has largely sidestepped close examination of key points of synergy and tension.
This panel sets out to interrogate how pragmatism is linked to and distinguishes itself from critical, interpretivist, feminist, postcolonial and poststructuralist approaches, all of which make claim to a reflexive theoretical practice. Heath-Kelly University of Warwick. Such contributions have sought to go beyond a risk paradigm, highlighting the importance of security mediations operating through imagination, affect and embodiment.
This has led to the re analysis of how epistemologies of security, both past and present, make visible, knowable and actionable potential future dangers. Importantly, contemporary security policy has been shown to have made significant innovations in how it conceptualises future danger. These renegotiations are concretely visible in both the shift towards pre-emptive governance, particularly in relation to the war on terror, and in narratives of resilience and preparedness, informing how we might secure communities, health and the environment.
This panel will bring together leading scholars in this emerging field to rigorously explore how security knowledges have worked to make governable future dangers. It thus asks a series of critical political and ethical questions. Upon what techniques of knowledge are security actions being taken?
Who is allowed to inhabit, imagine and mediate these futures? What subjectivities do these knowledges demand?
TV Listings: Here are the feature and TV Films airing the week of July 21 - 27, 12222
And what are the consequences of these transformations? Disasters have become understood as lessons to be learnt from. Disasters are re-inscribed as the final point of processes which were previously hidden to us, or which we lacked awareness of; processes or assemblages, in current parlance in which we were all the time and already embedded within as actors with agency for example, Lavell and Maskrey This form of governance starts from life or from the appearance of the world, rather than starting with abstract goals or political projects.
Abstract: Modernist frameworks articulated communities as pre-existing subjects amenable to universal, linear and reductionist forms of governance. This has major implications for both the governance of security at home and abroad. Event is free. Booking information here. Millennium Room, Carriageworks Theatre, Leeds pm — pm. Organised by the Leeds Salon. Resilience has become increasingly central to international and domestic policy-making over the last decade. David Chandler is concerned with precisely these questions of resilience as a governance agenda and the investigation into how resilience-thinking impacts on how politics — both domestically and internationally — is understood to work and how problems are perceived and addressed.
He will analyse a range of issues and questions in terms of resilience frameworks, from educational training in schools to global ethics, and from responses to shock events and natural disasters to how resilience has been discussed in the context of international policies to promote peace and development. Abstract: Advocates of Big Data assert that we are in the midst of an epistemological revolution, promising the displacement of the modernist methodological hegemony of causal analysis and theory generation.
Instead there has been an increasing emphasis on the problem of the linear and reductive understandings of policy-intervention itself and the unintended consequences of such mechanistic approaches in the international sphere. Uses and implications of rights language in global politics. G Discussant for Thomas G. Abstract: The workshop thematic suggests that the crisis of theory in the social sciences including IR, and in the natural sciences, come to that lies in the problem of Cartesian dualism.
Abstract: Critique after modernity can only be a critique of the ontological assumptions of modernity itself the only alternative would be traditional modernist forms of critique. Thus critique and policy lessons coalesce in the study and appreciation of a new type of power, the power of resistance. As Foucault is alleged to have taught us, wherever there is the claim of power we realise the claim of the new power of resistance. Now we know that resistance is ontological, the immunity of life to the power of liberal universalism, mechanistic understandings and reductionist policy-making.
Power exists only as life, as resistance and critique feed parasitically off the remnants of liberal aspirations to assert the artifice of constituted power over the reality of constitutive, creative, complex life. Abstract: Learning the lessons from crises — from financial crashes to natural disasters — has been central to rethinking how we govern through the construction of problems and solutions.
This paper considers how this process of learning from crisis contains elements of both continuity and change. Through an explanation of the resilience paradigm, this paper considers how complex life increasingly appears to be governable through new mechanisms of process-thinking and public engagement. Elements of continuity and change will be drawn out specifically through considering how neoliberal framings are both expanded upon and undergo transformation in the resilience framework.
The proposed workshop will discuss the genealogy and use of key concepts in the study of world politics. It will address methods of concept analysis and review how International Relations IR benefits from exploring processes of concept formation. All the while, most IR scholars continue to proceed with a single, simple and sufficiently vague definition of their core concepts, bypassing their multifaceted nature. Noting the attention paid to concepts and concept analysis in Comparative Politics, Political Theory and History, the workshop seeks to bring concept analysis to the forefront of IR and probe if not promote its potential as an area of inquiry.
It will pay particular attention to the Begriffsgeschichte approach, advanced most notably by Reinhart Koselleck, which deals with how concepts come into existence in, and are transformed by, their socio-political contexts, and also pays attention to their performance and contestedness. In assessing and advancing the value of Begriffsgeschichte for IR, the workshop aims to improve awareness of the historical evolution s and plural meaning s of key concepts and discuss how this affects our analyses and arguments.
The hope is that this will highlight concept analysis not only as a tool to refine our conceptual language and better understand IR as a communicative field, but also highlight its value for the analysis of world politics. Abstract: While neither societies nor states appear as imagined but fixed spaces in which concrete interest-driven interactions take place, agency-centred approaches to central international policy concerns, such as security, development and statebuilding have become paramount.
This focus is underpinned by a trend towards sociological understandings in terms of self-generating networks, interrelationships, effects and processes rather than political understandings of constituted structures, subjects and objectives. The papers discuss the conditions, forms and implications of emerging rationalities of global governance and Western intervention that are borne by the turn towards sociological framings.
Abstract: Resilience as a concept and set of practices is increasingly advocated across the policy world. This panel will examine conceptually and empirically driven analysis on emerging trends, lessons and problems around how it is assessed. We will explore the thematic of resilience as capacity to withstand, bounce-back or act transformatively. Questions guiding discussion will include: How does resilience understood not as a fixed property of a person, thing, group or assemblage, but a relational capacity, impact methods of assessment?
How does special and temporal context factor into assessment design and results? Can assessment approaches and findings be generalised, considering the focus on fluidity and specificity of context and relational causality? What are the current theories, methodologies and findings about how resilience is measured and more widely assessed? What do varied disciplines and practices bring, uniquely, to the discussion and what do they share?
What is being revealed about how power hierarchies of knowledge and practice might be avoided? Author: Susann Kassem The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies What can the experience of statebuilding in Timor Leste tell us about political community, peace and state formation and our models of the state? Author: M. Anne Brown University of Queensland. Abstract: Power remains largely ignored in peace and conflict studies.
It can be conceptualised as situated within the international or state apparatus, working through governmentality, or exercised by local agency and resistance through mass mobilisation, everyday diplomacy, or hidden activity. Rather than resting permanently in one of these locations, power circulates between them through the complex interaction of political mobilization, top-down intervention and different formulations of legitimacy. Recent developments in state formation and peace processes in the Middle East suggest that power is leaking out of formal decision-making structures and manifests itself in resistance and social movements, the informal economy and grassroots initiatives of political participation.
These recent developments and phenomena raise critical questions such as: Is there a fragmentation of structural and governmental power in conflict contexts and if so, how and what are its implications for peacebuilding, statebuilding, or development? Does this change our understandings of peace hybrid, post-liberal, emancipatory, etc? Are peacebuilders well equipped to engage with the fragmentation of power? Chairs and Discussants: Chair: Tina J. For some, biopolitics has the potential of providing an explanatory schema for world politics as such. This panel aims to critically reflect on these developments and elaborate on its political and ethical stakes.
It does so by engaging with and unravelling some of the prevailing tendencies in IR and other disciplines, but also by exploring alternative readings of biopolitics, the implications that particular readings of biopolitics have for political struggle, and more generally how the concept impacts, enables, but also constrains our understanding of alternative politics and alternative worlds. The workshop addresses the dual role human rights play in both challenging and conserving power structures by critically investigating the uneasy relation of human rights with recent discourses of resistance and resilience.
We invite papers on a broad range of topical issues and from a rich variety of perspectives and disciplinary backgrounds. The aim of the workshop is to facilitate in-depth and constructive discussion between participants, as well as to provide a platform for potential collective publication of workshop contributions. Further information here.
Abstract: Over the last decade there has been a shift towards critical understandings of universalist liberal approaches to exporting the rule of law, which argue that local culture holds the key to the effectiveness of rule of law interventions. However, these legal pluralist approaches have remained trapped in the paradox of liberal frames of law: the inability to go beyond the binaries of liberal univeralism and cultural relativism.
Abstract: This closing keynote considers whether peacebuilding as a strategic policy framework can survive growing policy-maker and academic concern with the problems of unintended consequences understood to stem from the underestimation of alterity and complexity. It will be argued that the last 10 years have seen a major shift in how alterity and complexity are understood. In the solution was seen to be that of providing greater support to institutional strengthening: a top-down approach to peacebuilding.
Since then we have seen the further rise of alterity and complexity — in the view that institutional strengthening is inadequate, producing hybrid and problematic outcomes, and that bottom-up approaches are necessary: building civil society, engaging and empowering local agency. Abstract: Is complexity a barrier to governance or can it be a new means of governing?
If we can govern complexity what are the new challenges that this poses for policy-makers? What is the connection between complexity and resilience? The rise of resilience seems to be ubiquitous across government policy-making. However, how resilience works as a governing rationality rather than as a policy prescription or goal is only now becoming a subject of debate in political theory and international relations. This presentation looks at the assumptions made about the nature of our world as complex, non-linear, interdependent and globalised and what this means in terms of how complex life can be governed.
Of particular emphasis will be placed upon the differences between neoliberal assumptions about complexity and those of resilience-thinking, and on how resilience challenges and builds upon neoliberal understandings. Poster and further information available. Abstract: This presentation considers the conceptual evolution of statebuilding approaches in the international sphere. It starts with some of the problems of statebuilding discourses, which tended to emphasise the knowledge and power of external interveners and have increasingly been problematised for having a universalist, linear and reductionist understanding of policy intervention.
It now seems clear that statebuildng interventions, seeking to put liberal ethics into practice, are not straightforward, merely dependent on the international will to intervene, implement changes and then exit, with little thought about the possible unintended consequences. The presentation then considers the emerging approaches of resilience which attempt to reenable the interventionist agenda through a focus on the knowledge and capacity of local agency.
Resilience approaches have a relational, process-dynamic which assumes the need to take into account unintended and nonlinear outcomes and starts from the tactics of the poor and vulnerable rather than the capabilities of power. Abstract: For neoliberal thought, market rationality was the key to governing a complex world beyond the capacity of centralised sovereign power.
However, financial markets have been increasingly decried as no more rational or capable of governing complexity than the Keynesian interventionist state. The social sciences are awash with different perspectives explaining the problem of financial market rationality, mostly constructivist problematisations of norms and values and economic theorising, but now joined by actor-network and new materialist approaches which suggest a range of constraints from performative practices to measuring and accounting instruments, which explain the problems of constructing understandings of financial market rationality.
This paper suggests that resilience approaches to financial markets come fully into play once market rationalities are brought down to earth as embedded relations of real living people involved in everyday acts of choice-making. The bold claim is that under resilience-thinking financial markets are no longer a barrier to efficient outcomes but a tool or a resource once we are reflexive enough in our understandings of these processes.
This has major implications for how we understand markets and the subject position of critique. Abstract: This keynote presentation considers the conceptual evolution of human security approaches in the international sphere. It starts with some of the problems of human security discourses, which tended to emphasise the knowledge and power of external interveners and have increasingly been problematised for having a universalist, linear and reductionist understanding of policy intervention.
It now seems clear that human security interventions, seeking to put liberal ethics into practice, are not straightforward, merely dependent on the international will to intervene, implement changes and then exit, with little thought about the possible unintended consequences. The presentation then considers the emerging approaches of resilience which attempt to reenable the human security agenda through a focus on the knowledge and capacity of local agency.
Confirmed Papers: 1. Evading or enhancing responsibility? Olivia U. Rutazibwa: Autonomous recovery, ownership and self-determination in the human security agenda. Abstract: Paternalist international policy-making has traditionally been based upon hierarchical assumptions of capacities or competences. This paternalism does not take the form of Western superiority or the form of imposing knowing guidelines or rules in order to transform the subjects of other societies but seeks instead to enable them to govern themselves.
This paternalism blames the Western international regimes of regulation for indirectly institutionalising inequalities and a lack of rights and seeks to overcome these international institutional barriers to development, democracy and peace. In the absence of international reforms, it is held that power relations — the needs of Western big business elites — reinforce inequalities institutionally. In these approaches, traditional paternalist understandings that the problems are domestically generated are seemingly rejected however liberation or moral improvement is still the task of Western agents and consumers.
Papers: Circumventing the Sovereign State? Papers: Coming true of the postmodern dream? Programme and further information available here. Abstract: There is no mistaking a trend in critical social theory, which argues that power is no longer where it used to be. The presentation also seeks to draw out some of the paradoxes of the approach that posits power as the external barrier to peace building approaches and some of the normative consequences of this discursive framing for critical approaches to peace building and intervention.
Draft programme available here. Abstract: This paper examines how the ontology of resistance has shifted from the focus on the exceptional, contingent and unpredictable outbursts or eruptions of hidden forces in the manner of Ranciere or James C Scott to a post-representational politics of constitutive power and agency where resistance no longer has to appear in a realm which is considered separate from that of the everyday.
This paper seeks to reflect upon what is at stake in this shift and what has enabled the rise of the new ontology of resistance. Poster available here. The Executive Director of the Humanitarian Coalition, Nicolas Moyer, has argued that urban interventions have sparked, and will continue to spark, debate over fundamental principles. This lecture considers the principles, practices and outcomes of this shift.
Resilience assumes the need to take into account unintended and nonlinear outcomes. Humanitarianism assumes intervention to be one-off, discrete with no unintended consequences as the power to intervene, adjust or correct and to exit. Resilience starts from the tactics of the poor and vulnerable not the strategies of power. Abstract: In a complex and flatter world, it is increasingly argued that law can no longer be understood to work to shape or direct social processes in a top-down or hierarchical manner.
In order to enable social stability, the interventionary focus no longer revolves around legal mechanisms themselves but on cultural interventions. This presentation will explore the stakes involved in this shift from neoliberal to resilience understandings. Full details available here. Please note: apart from the keynote the conference language will be German.
Full details of programme and readings available here. Launch of the new journal, Resilience: International Policies, Practices and Discourses, with copies of the first issue and free drinks. This panel addresses the role of power in the practice of peacebuilding and the general ignorance of outside peacebuilders towards the various power dimensions.
Power deeply permeates peacebuilding undertakings: from international norm and value diffusions through regional hegemonies and national elite power dominance to very localized forms of power within communities. Yet, looking into the practice of outside peacebuilding, power does not seem to play a great role. While claiming that the context of interventions is the starting point for programme and project planning, this does not seem to hold in reality. From different theoretical, disciplinary, and regional perspectives, this panel aims to challenge the current peacebuilding practice by analyzing the absence of power and the effects it has on peacebuilding, suggesting a more reality based approach.
Assemblage analyses have been mobilized to describe neoliberalism and its transnational ramifications, the socio-political construction of cities, or the processes of de- and re-territorialization that are reshaping the connections between authority, rights and sovereignty. Can IR theorists mobilize assemblages in similar ways? The panel looks into how assemblage approaches can assist in developing critical roadmaps across different political context discussed in IR, from the body to the state, the international and the cosmopolitan, to reconnect the variety of scales the discipline currently deals with.
Building on the methodological considerations of the previous panel, the roundtable represents a testing ground where to discuss the validity, limitations and critical potential of this thinking for the study of international relations in an era where diffusion, dispersal and disaggregation seem to dominate the international scene. The upsurge in the use of this term has potentially serious ramifications, however, given its tendency to promote a dichotomous, absolute worldview. While the use of this term is most closely associated with George W.
More details here. Global governance confronts us with a puzzle. The rising need for enlarged and deepened cross-border cooperation has led to a proliferation of international institutions of a new kind. Beyond international cooperation, transnational sites of governance combine both state and societal actors in dealing with complex problems across borders. Their norms and regulations often have a direct impact on societal relations. However, although transnational regulations obviously bypass national mechanisms of democratic control and cause increasing societal protest, empirical studies show that citizens do not generally view them as illegitimate.
Are we witnessing a paradigm shift in the normative order of politics beyond the nation-state? The workshop discusses conditions of legitimacy and justice in transnational politics. Abstract: Democracy, Visibility and Resistance — This presentation will be of interest both to those in academia and to members of the general public. It concerns the erosion of the public sphere as the centre of political life — of democracy and of the resistance to power. Where, once, issues of politics, power and resistance were publicly on view, through the contestation of mass parties, unions and associations, today, the public sphere seems much less central.
Are they right, that power has shifted from the state to society? Is this shift to society a sign of the spread and diffusion of democratic power? Is resistance increasingly a private act rather than a public one?
Further details and programme here. Draft paper available here. Provisional programme here. In the post-human world we believe that human freedom, based on Newtonian teleologies, is mistaken hubris. In the globalized, complex, world — without external natural laws of regularity held to operate independently of human existence — there can be no teleology of human progress. Instead, our teleologies of the world work backwards rather than forwards, starting from the appearance of the world and process-tracing back to the causal actions or behaviour of the human subject.
This paper concurs. Foucauldian governmentality theorists argued that liberal rationalities operated on the basis of governing through freedom — presupposing the rational autonomous subject. I suggest, as a working hypothesis, that we are no longer governed through freedom but through necessity: the imperatives of the world of appearances dictate that human choice-making freedoms form the basis of governance interventions rather than a domain of limits. Abstract: This presentation considers the problematic of international statebuilding in the Balkan region and how it creates a negative understanding of Balkan actors.
Relating directly to the conference themes, it demonstrates that dominant discourses of international relations problematise agency in the region, seeing agency as a root cause rather than the social and economic structures. The mantra of globalization, democratization and integration is rarely questioned today. The problematic at the heart of all three concepts is the classical liberal understanding of the state as freely constituted by its citizens — statebuilding problematizes the agency involved in the construction of state-society relations.
Globalization theorists assert that states are no longer capable of playing a directing and controlling role and that government in the region is more likely to be a barrier to social progress. Democratization theorists assert that formal institutional frameworks of liberal rule, elections etc, are no longer capable of delivering good governance and that civil society and social empowerment are necessary to provide the right capacities and capabilities to citizens.
Integration theorists assert that the boundaries between external and domestic actors are increasingly blurred. Abstract: In this paper we chart the shifting epistemes of international security, from Cold War realism to post-Cold War liberal internationalism and current understandings of complexity and resilience.
In doing so, we draw out how each episteme has a distinct relationship to temporality: timeless equilibrium, a liberal telos and backwards process-tracing. In terms of chronology and epistemes, this paper highlights three points: firstly, the discursive framing of security problematics as constitutive of the limits of liberalism; secondly, the centrality of liberal epistemic framings as the preconditions for both the lack of telos of the international and the backwards approach of process-based thinking or resilience thinking; third, the importance of universal rational assumptions of the human subject which drove the liberal telos.
This is vital for understanding how the privileging of difference — the pluralist world without a sovereign — was constitutive of the external problematic of security of timeless Realism and how the return of difference — as internalized rather than externalized enabled more societal and psychologised understandings — enabling the process-tracing inversion of the liberal telos today. Full programme here. Full details here. Wednesday 20 June — Meet the Editors panel — 4. I will be briefly presenting the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding and explaining how we deal with submissions, as well as taking questions from the audience.
Thursday 21 June — Session 5 — panel 12 — 9. Thursday 21 June — Meet the Editors closed workshop session — 4. Friday 22 June — Session 11 — panel 5 — 2. Full programme available here. Discussant for paper workshop, 10am The Challenges of State-Building. The Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies NCHS organizes its second Humanitarian Exchange on the relationship between humanitarianism and state building, discussing the challenges facing humanitarian engagement when faced with the dilemmas and requirements of long-term developmental, political and state-building involvements. It seems that the transformational desires of both statebuilding international actors and of radical critics focus ever more upon the informal sphere of the social.
Talks | Welcome to Professor David Chandler's Website
In this framing, democracy no longer refers to the freedoms of citizens engaged in the public sphere of debate and contestation over policy goals and development no longer refers to material growth and transformation. Both development and the spreading of democracy are orientated around inner, less directly visible, social capacities and capabilities.
When the political is subsumed within the social, democracy and development increasingly lose their formal, visible, externally measurable qualities and become about the policy transformations of empowerment. The shift to the social reverses the relations between states and citizens. Under discourses of good governance states govern through society not over it. Under the rule of the social, the state should not order or direct citizen choices but educate, empower, include; inculcating the values of citizenship as adaptive resilience, as social capability. In EH4. Hameiri murdoch. Participants should come to the workshop with an abstract of a paper based on their work, a list of three possible journals in which they hope to publish the paper, as well as a written assessment of why these journals were chosen.
Paper available in advance. Details here and poster here. Programme and further details here. Press item here. Programme details here. Evil, as the exception grounding the norm, presupposed the moral and political autonomy of the choice-making subject. I wish to argue that moral autonomy is no longer the grounding assumption of our post-political world, with the implication being a diminished understanding of the human subject. In our globalized, complex and interconnected world it is held that there is no meaningful process connecting our actions to their final consequences.
The world increasingly appears to directly reflect societally-shaped human behavioural choices — such as anthropogenic carbon emissions — through complex processes that are contingent yet deterministic. In a globalized world, the compression of time and space is held to make every action or choice final and irreparable. In which case, rather than necessity becoming the precondition for freedom, our rejection of what is now seen as a hubristic belief in moral autonomy is leading us to the appreciation of the rule of necessity.
Making necessity the norm, increasingly removes good and evil from the world as moral constructs. Flyer for event here. Questions for workgroup on R2P here. Since the enlightenment there has been rising support given to the notion of a universal set of human rights that must be protected. Yet, alongside this has also emerged a critique of human rights as a model that does not respect cultural and territorial boundaries.
Is the doctrine of human rights a Trojan horse for western dominance? Alternatively, is the argument for cultural relativism used by elites who hold power in cultures that abuse the human rights of the powerless? On the one hand, there are surely certain fundamental human liberties that must be protected.
On the other hand, it may not necessarily be acceptable to impose a doctrine of universalism, arguably western based, upon different cultures. To what extent can the west use human rights as a justification for intervention and, if so, are they truly acting with the aim to protect the interests of the oppressed? If not a tool of western oppression, perhaps a universal, moral code of rights and laws are simply not pragmatic or respectful enough of cultural differences and unique situations.
We look forward to hearing our panel experts explore these issues in more depth. Programme agenda here. Critical, Normative and Emancipatory? From Defeating the Enemy to Creating Order?
Perspectives on the Military-Police Nexus — Discussant. Presentation abstract: Creating Capabilities? In this framing, the barriers to human freedom are inter-subjectively constructed products created by humanity itself. The socially contingent constraints of the external world, as mediated by our social relations, become essentialized in terms of the inter-subjective barriers of human cognition.
Capitalism is naturalized and normalized at the same time as human rationality is degraded and denied. The problem is thereby constructed as the human rather than the social relations in which the human is embedded. Further details available here. University of Surrey. Time: 5.
Download the flyer here. Read my review of the book in Radical Philosophy. This event is free and open to all. To reserve a place, please contact Chloe Pieters. Now available on YouTube: part 1 and part 2. Draft paper is available here. What is it about development which enables it to be interconnected with discourses of security? What do we mean by development in current discourses of international security? Why are failed states seen to be more of a security threat than industrially developed states?
What sort of development is being promoted when we talk of state failure or fragility? What is seen as the obstacle to development today or the cause of structures of global inequality — is it the world market? Is it the state? Is it the society? What is the difference between agent-centred approaches to development and structural approaches? Abstract: The problems encountered in the projections of Western foreign policy internationally — in the forms of conflict-prevention, statebuilding, development assistance and in the spread of liberal rights norms and market economies — have been increasingly discursively analysed in terms of the limits of liberalism.
This paper argues that the spatial or externalised understanding of the limits of liberalism plays the ideological role of apologia. The crisis of liberal modernity is, in effect, played out in discourses of the international. The program invites both Chinese and foreign experts to discuss news in the areas of domestic and international politics, economy, diplomacy, science, culture and sports. The webliink is available here. The live studio discussion is chaired by Edward Stourton. You can join in by e-mailing: iconoclasts bbc. Abstract: In the s there was a fundamental shift in the way that war in the developing world was understood.
In the post-Cold War imaginary, of the shift to a global world of cosmopolitan norms, international intervention into conflict zones was legitimized in the moral language of humanitarian intervention, human security and the responsibility to protect. The conflict parties were seen either as human rights abusers and war criminals or as innocent victims of atrocities.
The politics of victimhood constituted international interveners as immanent global sovereigns claiming the rights of securing and protecting putative global subjects. I want to suggest that we no longer divide the world into victims and abusers in this way. I want to engage with two questions concerning the why and the how of this posts shift. Descriptively, it is clear that the discourse of victims along with that of humanitarian intervention and the global duties of protecting and securing has lost the framework of meaning of the s.
Rather than victims which need protecting and securing we have vulnerable subjects which require capacity- and capability-building. Rather than intervention undermining state sovereignty we increasingly understand intervention as building sovereign capacities. How we might understand post-interventionist frameworks of policy-making is the second question engaged with. This seminar considers a fundamental shift in the way that war in the developing world has been understood.
Key to this shift is an argument that wars in the developing world can no longer be understood politically, but as criminal acts in which the main consideration for the international community is how to protect the victims of the conflict. What is lost when war is reinterpreted as a criminal activity and only some are designated as worthy? Who has the power to designate those that are worthy of victimhood? Please note: Seminar 2. This seminar considers the difficulties of providing for effective protection when the protections of citizenship break down, as a result of conflict, persecution or the failure of state institutions.
It asks what it is to protect those outside of the normalised protections of citizenship. Abstract: Dominant discourses of international relations construe the international sphere in terms of the global extension of liberal discourses of universality, statehood, democracy and markets. Counterintuitively, this paper suggests that discursively the liberal sphere of understanding is, in fact, diminishing and that international statebuilding approaches increasingly construct the limits of liberalism as external — embodied in the allegedly non-liberal states and societies which constitute the sphere of international statebuilding policy-intervention.
It suggests that the critique of liberal universals and Cartesian linearities is not the only the preserve of critical sociology but has been central to neoliberal, new institutionalist and biopolitical discourses which have been increasingly sharply articulated in the statebuilding literature, casting light on discussions of Third Way post-political approaches which construe the international in terms which discredit ideas of non-Western autonomy as well as of Western capacity and responsibility.
This paper draws on my recently published monograph International Statebuilding: The Rise of Post-Liberal Governance and on material for a forthcoming book on Resilience, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Further details: Resilience has become a mantra of policy responses to a range of security threats including flooding, cyber attacks, and terrorism. In the UK the Civil Contingencies Act, the establishment of a Civil Contingencies Secretariat and successive National Security Strategies have been oriented around a resilient, multi-agency, all-hazards approach to preparing for, and responding to extreme events.
Preventive security raises a number of political and ethical concerns. Despite advances in interdisciplinary resilience studies, little research has so far been conducted into the relationship between resilience planning, preventive security and civil liberties. Finally, academic and policy debates have thus far been ambiguous about the precise relationship between different elements of resilience discourse — i.
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The aim of this international interdisciplinary workshop is to address the politics of resilience and preventive security primarily, though not exclusively, in the UK context. And how does resilience enable and constrain the spectrum of possible responses? At first, Evan Chandler was similarly thrilled by the liaison, not least because he yearned to escape his humdrum life as a dental surgeon and forge a new career as a Hollywood screenplay writer. He had already had some success by co-writing the Mel Brooks comedy film Robin Hood: Men In Tights, and Jackson offered to boost his fortunes by co-operating with him on more lavish movie projects.
According to Raymond Chandler, his brother Evan who had now remarried and Jackson were in many ways remarkably similar and at first a genuinely 'close kinship' appeared to have developed between them. Evan did not realise why the star was at such pains to befriend him - until he went into his son's bedroom one night to find Jordan being cradled from behind by Jackson, whose hand was cupping his groin. Again the singer hotly denied any impropriety, but gazing into his 'remorseless' eyes, Mr Chandler instantly knew he was lying.
His worst fears were later confirmed when his son admitted the truth that the singer had seduced him and performed sex acts with him. Mr Chandler demanded that the friendship must end, but Jordan's mother - who was planning to take her son on Jackson's world concert tour - refused to comply, and a noholdsbarred custody battle ensued. As she was Jordan's legal guardian, it seemed her wishes would prevail.
But Mr Chandler took their son to a child psychiatrist - knowing that the expert was bound by oath to report any allegation of sexual abuse to the Los Angeles child protection authorities - and Jordan was removed from his mother and ordered to live with his father. Meanwhile, the story of Jackson's child abuse was leaked to a British newspaper. The subsequent lurid allegations about Jackson's perversion forced him to abandon his tour, losing millions in sponsorship deals, and the star then vanished for almost two weeks before being discovered in a London clinic.
In return, they dropped a civil case against him, and, as they were not prepared to testify, the police did not press charges. But the money did little to restore harmony to the family. Michael Jackson died suddenly while preparing for a series of concerts at London's O2 arena. Although Jordan was said to have escaped relatively unscathed from his ordeal thanks to psychotherapy sessions, throughout his teens he was tormented by irrational feelings of guilt for having proved so attractive to Jackson, and kept asking: 'What did I do wrong?
He was also deeply confused by his ambivalent feelings towards Jackson, summed up by his description of him as 'the devil in sheep's clothing'. Desperate to escape the malicious whispers in Hollywood, where his name was bandied whenever some new allegation against Jackson surfaced, Jordan enrolled at a college in New York. He bought an apartment in Manhattan, in a building with a rooftop swimming pool and running track, and a beachfront mansion in The Hamptons, the summer retreat for millionaire New Yorkers. Yet he was constantly on the alert for some revenge-seeking Jackson fanatic and lived the life of a recluse.
His demons returned four years ago, when Jackson finally faced trial, accused of having sex with another young boy, cancer victim Gavin Arvizo. Appearing chastened, Jordan's weeping mother gave evidence for the prosecution, and he was expected to do the same. He never took the stand, however, and attempted to evade the spotlight by staying in a Nevada ski chalet, accompanied by a group of friends, including singer Sonnet Simmons a Greek-American he had met at school.
Tracked down there, he was photographed on the slopes, wearing an apparently carefree smile and chic designer skiwear, and cruelly branded a coward in some quarters for refusing to testify. In later years, though, it was Jordan's increasingly turbulent relationship with his father that troubled him most. Utterly consumed by his struggle with Jackson, soon after the scandal broke Mr Chandler closed his dental practice and split up with his second wife. He later joined his son in New York, and for several years they spent much time together.
But, according to Diane Dimond, author of Be Careful Who You Love, an acclaimed book about the Jackson child abuse saga, the relationship was dogged by rows over money. Despite his million-dollar settlement from Jackson, Mr Chandler was not in his son's financial league, and for several years Jordan subsidised his father with a generous allowance, Dimond says.
Mr Chandler was forced to go cap in hand for more handouts, and for a proud man, this was unedifying. He would fly into uncontrollable tempers, blaming his son for all the trauma that had befallen the family, and the burden of his painful genetic illness only made him more irascible.
Their final row occurred in the summer of , when Jordan and he were sharing the apartment where Mr Chandler shot himself. Filing for a court restraining order against his father, on the grounds of 'domestic abuse', Jordan claimed he had been battered over the head with a 12lb dumb-bell and sprayed with mace.
The frenzied attack took place just two months after Jackson had been acquitted of assaulting Gavin Arvizo. Jordan moved to a new apartment, across the Hudson River in Manhattan, but now spends much of his time back in California, where, to some acclaim, Sonnet has just released the love song they penned together. Until the events of recent days, Jordan had every reason to feel his life was at last heading in the right direction.
But his father spiralled into a mental and physical decline. Still deceptively youthful-looking by dint of his many facelifts, he was in constant agony from his genetic illness and barely able to walk in his final days. He also seems to have been friendless, and so totally estranged from his family that, when I spoke to Raymond Chandler on Wednesday, he was waiting to hear about the funeral arrangements - unaware that his brother had already been cremated. It was very sad. They still haven't decided what to do with the ashes.
Precisely why Jordan and the rest of the family did not pay their last respects will doubtless be the subject of more speculation in the internet chat-rooms. Whatever the reason for their absence, the crematorium was a hauntingly empty place when the curse of Michael Jackson claimed its latest victim. The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Killed by the curse of Michael Jackson: What drove the father of Jordy Chandler to put a gun to his head?
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